Friday, February 6, 2009
Sonobudoyo Museum is situated on the northern side of the north square (Alun-alun Utara) of Sultan’s Palace. Sonobudoyo has the second most complete collection of cultural artifacts after the Central Museum in Jakarta. Visitors could observe ceramics from the Neolithic age, original eight and nine century statues and bronze articles collected from temples in Central Java, various kinds of puppets, mask and wayang (puppets and shadow play) to heirlooms to artifacts from Bali.
Visiting Sonobudoyo Museum is an alternative way if we want to see any kinds of Keris (a kind of knife/sword) around Indonesia and things that it’s connected. This museum stores about 1,200 kinds of Keris (from Java Institute), because till right now we can not see Keris in Yogyakarta Palace.
The first thing that we can see connected of Keris is Wesi Budha (Buddhist Steel), it is the main material in making Keris, it was used in the seventh century, or in the age of Hindus Mataram Kingdom. Wesi Budha can be seen in the middle room which stores some collections in the age of Buddhist glory inIndonesia. By Wesi Budha, we also learn other equipment, house equipment, weapons and handicraft from time to time.
Java Institute is an embryo for the existence of Sonobudoyo Museum; it gave a lot of contributions. It is an organization which learns about Javanese culture where their members are western people and Indonesian. Ir. Th. Karsten is an architect that makes building planning. After gathered several collection artifacts from Java, Madura, Bali and Lombok, then in 6th November 1935 Sonobudoyo Museum was opened by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VIII which placed ex-the office Schauten in the northern side of the north square of Sultan’s Palace.
Until right now, Sonobudoyo Museum has 42,698 collections, including of 10 categories. Except a showroom for showing collection things, Sonobudoyo Museum also has auditorium, storage collection, library, laboratory, preparation office, and public facilities.
It opens from 08.00 a.m. – 01.00 p.m. on Tuesday – Thursday and 08.00 a.m. – 12.00 p.m. on Friday – Saturday.
The museum is built to commemorate the late Mrs. (Nyonya) Meneer who had rendered in socializing the use of herb for disease healing especially in Java Island. She established the Nyonya Meneer herb factory of Semarang in the beginning of the 20th century. The museum which was built on January 18, 1984, housing various kinds of attractions relating to the history of Nyonya Meneer and her herbal medicines, namely:
- The history of “Jamu” in general.
- The photographs of Nyonya Meneer.
- The photographs relating to the history of Nyonya Meneer and her family.
- The personal collections of Nyonya Meneer.
- Photographs and information on the traditional production tools which have historical values since they were used in the early production of the herbal medicines.
- A panel which relates the history of Nyonya Meneer.
- “Botekan” is storage for original formula along with the plants used for the ingredients.
- Examples of office equipments used in the early of the nineteen fifties and tools used in the traditional manufacture of jamu.
- A scale used in weighing the ingredients and the traditional drinking set.
- Samples of the advertising and packaging during the growth of the jamu industry along witn some of the various ingredients used.
Visitors are obliged to take part in the maintenance and preservation of the Museum collections, including:
- Not smoking in the museum
- Putting rubbish in the waste-baskets
- Keeping to a minimum touching the objects of historical value
- Not taking a picture
For a group more than 25 persons, we would appreciate if you inform us 1 (one) week in advance.
PT. Nyonya Meneer is remarkable and is one from which everyone can learn from. It started when Mrs. Meneer, a Sidoarjo born woman, followed her husband to move to Semarang.
The name "Meneer" did not denote "mister" in Dutch. In fact, in Javanese, menir refers to crushed rice, and this name was given to her as Meneer's mother craved for menir rice during her pregnancy.
Mrs. Meneer went through hardship as her husband fell ill and did not recover despite countless treatments and medications.
This inspired Mrs. Meneer to begin trying to compound her own jamu - traditional medicine made of natural herbs.
The Jamu she compounded proved to work as her husband recovered from the illness. The quality of Mrs. Meneer's jamu was later acknowledged by many people. As it transformed into a successful home business, the portrait on the packages of her jamu became a trademark. It was for the loyal customers recognize the product is being high quality.
Since then, the sole proprietorship had been expanding into a large corporation, PT. Nyonya Meneer celebrates its 88th anniversary in 2007.
For 88th years, the family business has been going through ups and downs. They involved conflicts regarding company ownership within the family and painful dispute among siblings. However, the relentless struggle of the company's successors allowed PT. Nyonya Meneer to survive and retain its triumphs. Today, PT. Nyonya Meneer is led by DR. Charles Saerang as the company's third-generation successors.
It has been said that building is easier than maintaining; and this is proven to be somewhat true, however the family intends to continue the tradition of Mrs. Meneer and her visions for helping the people of Indonesia.
The Royal Palace has a museum known popularly as the Kraton Museum. It is located in the Kraton land. The existence of Kraton Museum has been started by the government of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VII and Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VIII. Kraton has several museums, known as Kraton Yogyakarta Museum. They are Painting Museum, Kraton Museum, Hamengku Buwono IX Museum, and Cart Museum. Hamengku Buwono Museum is in Kraton complex, storing any kinds of equipment which have ever been used by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono IX, including photography equipments.
There is also a Royal Carriage Museum located on the west side of Kraton on Rorowijayan Street. This museum has collection of all kinds of Palace Carriages including Kyai Garuda Yeksa, Kyai Jaladara, and Kyai Kanjeng Jimat. It was built on 14,000 meter square in Javanese architecture design. Each carriages have different function, Kyai Garuda Yeksa is used for kirab ceremony of government of the changing King position from Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VI – X. Kyai Jaladara is used for duties around the villages. And Kyai Kanjeng Jimat that has function for Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I till III for picking up to the special guests or for important Royal ceremony in Garebeg (Syawal and Besar*). Syawal is held on the first of the tenth Javanese month of Syawal, after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.
Garebeg Besar is held on the 10th of the last month of Javanese calendar to celebrate the religious festival based on the Abraham’s faith test whether he intended to sacrifice his son as a token of absolute loyalty to God or not.
Haji Widayat is an artist and a lecturer at the Academy of Indonesian Fine Arts (ISI) in Yogyakarta. This museum is built for the embodiment of his dream and obsession to look after and preserve the artworks of his students at ISI as well as of the older generation or the same generation with him.
The museum is a big, well-planned two-story building. If come from Yogyakarta or Magelang, you will find the museum at the Sawitan intersection about two kilometers away prior to arriving at Borobudur temple.
The first floor of the museum features about 127 artworks created by Haji Widayat. They are of different years and selected through various considerations. The second floor displays his collection mostly paintings, totaling 138 pieces included some graphic works and drawings. It opens daily from 9.00 am to 4 pm, except Monday.
Since the Dutch Colonial ruler era in Indonesia, Surakarta region is a sugar cane producer. Here you can find several sugar cane factories; they are the Gondang Baru in Klaten, Colomadu and Tasikmadu in Karanganyar. If you want to trace back to the history of sugar cane industry in Central Java, you can visit the sugar cane museum locating at the Gondang Baru sugar cane factory, at the main road connecting Prambanan – Klaten town. The museum was officially opened to the public on August 22, 1986 coinciding with the 19th international society of sugar cane technologist congress in Pasuruan, East Java.
Today, the museum becomes a historical center of the sugar industry, an object to study about sugar industry as well as a tourist attraction. The sugar museum has collections of traditional farm implements, office equipments, picture of sugar factory buildings, laboratory equipments, old locomotives, etc.
The collections are a reminiscing of the sugar industry of the past, when it was still a home industry, until the present condition. This museum tries to preserve and display memories of the past, and will be developed to become a National Sugar Museum in the future.
The Gondang Baru sugar factory, formerly known as Gondangwinangoen Sugar Factory, is an inseparable part of the Central Java Sugar Museum. The factory has built in 1860, and used a water turbine for the main power. In 1884, it was modernized with a “LAHAY & BRISSONEUEF” steam engine, and later on, was further modernized with new machineries step by step. Other interesting tourist attractions in Gondang Baru Sugar Cane Museum are among others an old steam locomotive made in 1889 “DANIEL & RUEB”, from Breda, the Netherlands, called “SIMBAH”. It also still has five old steam locomotives which are still actively in operation. Two of them are known as ‘LINKE HOFMANWERKE”, from Breslau Germany. Steam locomotive enthusiasts from the United States, the UK and other Europe countries and Japan appreciate the collection very much. There are many old machineries made a century ago that still in good condition and still working productively. So we can say that Gondang Baru Sugar Factory is a Living Museum that still held out and continually producing Sugar.
Since Indische Nederland era Ambarawa town was military area, so King WILLEM I wanted to build Train station, for making easier to bring the troop went to Semarang. So in Mei 21st 1873 was built Ambarawa train station on 127500 m2 (meter square).
The glory of Ambarawa station that more famous called WILLEM I, was stopped the operation as Train Station, direction Ambarawa-Kedungjati-Semarang in 1976 for Ambarawa-Secang-Magelang also Ambarawa-Parakan-Temanggung.
The closing of Ambarawa Train Station, made the Governor of central Java Mr. SOEPARDJO RUSTAM and chief of PJKA Exploits SOEHARSO in 8th April, 1976 decide that Ambarawa station became Train museum, collected 21 locomotives engine which had ever involved in the battlefield of Indonesian soldier.
The collections of Museum Ambarawa :
- Railway Mountain Tour
- Ancient telephone
- Telegraph Morse
- Table/desk, chair and ancient cupboard
- Guard bell, Wesel
- 21 locomotives engine
The using Gear Tour Railway from Ambarawa-Bedono commute with 9 km, 1 hour, the high of that area 60o/oo and seat capacity 90 person. Charter cost/ticket Rp. 2,500,000.00. Earlier reservation is needed to organize the tour.
For the more information please contact:
Operation district office IV PT Kereta Api (Persero)
Jl. Thamrin No. 3 Semarang, Phone: +62.24.3545382
Railway Museum Ambarawa
Jl. Stasiun No. 1 Ambarawa, Phone: +62.298.591035
And also available lorry from Ambarawa-Jambu commutes 5 km with the reasonable ticket.
There are no other museums in Yogyakarta that can be compared with Affandi Museum. It is located on Laksda Adisucipto Street 167. Affandi is an Indonesia painter who was well-known around the world. He passed away in 1990. The Affandi Museum keeps fine artworks of Affandi"s as well as by his distinguished daughter, Kartika Affandi and also some other impressionist painters.
Laksda Adisucipto Street is known as Solo Street because a street that connects Yogyakarta to Solo. This museum on the west of Gajah Wong Street and it is on 3500 ha including the museum and a building which as Affandi"s home. The shape of land is not common and up and down makes an inspiration for Affandi to design a unique building and it"s surrounding. The result is harmony unique architecture designed by Affandi.
Visiting museum of Affandi gives a chance for worth learning from Affandi"s life, his creations when he lived as maestro, and other impressionist painters in it"s galleries, transportation at the past, living home and art room for teaching talented children for painting.
There are 3 galleries in the museum complex, with gallery I as the place for getting entrance ticket. It was opened by Affandi since 1962. Inside the first gallery we"ll find a number of pictures of first Affandi"s creation until he passed away. Most the paintings are sketches and reproduction paintings. In the gallery I, in the corner room we can see a modification of car which looks like a fish, ancient bicycle, and Affandi"s statue with Kartika, his daughter.
Gallery II collects some paintings, from the new corner painters or the senior ones. It has two floors, the first floor is for abstract paintings, and the second floor is for realistic paintings.
Gallery III is a building with banana leaves shaped roof, it has 3 floors and it is multi function. The first floor for a showroom, the second floor is for maintain and repair the picture and the basement is for storing painting collections. Not far from gallery III there is a tower which used for seeing a good view of museum and surroundings, roads, river, trees, etc.